U.S. Refugee Admissions Program
The U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) is an inter-agency effort involving a number of
governmental and non-governmental partners, both overseas and domestically, whose mission is to
resettle refugees in the United States. The U.S. Department of State’s (DOS) Bureau of Population,
Refugees and Migration (PRM) has overall management responsibility for the USRAP and has the lead in
proposing admissions numbers and processing priorities.
Within the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
(USCIS) has responsibility for interviewing refugee applicants and adjudicating applications for refugee
status. Through its cooperative agreements with Resettlement Support Centers (RSC) (formerly known as
Overseas Processing Entities), PRM handles the intake of refugee referrals from the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), U.S. embassies, and certain non-governmental organizations
(NGOs) as well as the prescreening of cases and the out-processing of individuals for travel to the United
Iraqi Refugee Processing
Part of the humanitarian mission of the USRAP is to provide resettlement opportunities to especially
vulnerable Iraqi refugees. Since large-scale Iraqi refugee processing was announced in February 2007,
DHS and DOS have worked cooperatively to increase the number of Iraqi refugees admitted to the United
States as part of the worldwide commitment. DHS and DOS have worked closely to enhance processing
capacity of Iraqi refugee applicants while ensuring the highest level of security. In support of these
efforts, USCIS consistently deploys more than 45-50 officers per quarter to the Middle East to conduct
refugee processing circuit rides. To date, USCIS has interviewed more than 101,000 Iraqi refugee
applicants. As a result of this collaboration, the USRAP admitted more than 58,000 Iraqi refugees since
large-scale processing began in fiscal year 007.
Since the inception of the program in 2007, 166,249 Iraqi nationals have been referred to the USRAP for
resettlement to the United States. USCIS has interviewed 101,884 Iraqi refugee applicants; approved
84,435 for resettlement and, 58,810 Iraqi refugees have arrived in the United States.
FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 *TOTAL
Referrals to USRAP 12,098 28,769 49,276 46,106 29,835 166,084
USCIS Interviews 4,437 23,862 29,096 28,844 15,602 101,841
Approved by USCIS 2,909 18,674 25,238 24,727 12,851 84,399
Admitted to U.S. 1,608 13,823 18,838 18,016 6,526 58,811
*as of May 25, 2011
Process for Resettlement
In identifying Iraqi cases for referral to the USRAP, UNHCR and DOS have been prioritizing 11
categories of especially vulnerable refugees, including individuals who are affiliated with the U.S.
government and religious minorities, among others. Iraqi refugees may gain access to this program
Iraqi refugees may gain access to this program through referrals from UNHCR, a U.S. Embassy, or
certain NGOs. Iraqi nationals, who worked for the U.S. government, a U.S. contractor, or a U.S.-based
media organization or NGO, and their family members, can apply directly to the USRAP in Jordan, Egypt
and Iraq without a UNHCR referral. In addition, Iraqi applicants will be considered for resettlement if an
eligible family member applies on their behalf in the United States. The vast majority of cases processed
so far by the USRAP have been referrals from UNHCR.
USCIS officers are interviewing Iraqi refugee applicants primarily in Jordan, Syria, Egypt, Turkey,
Lebanon and Iraq. Refugee processing in Iraq focuses on certain Iraqis who are associated with the U.S.
and their family members.
Determining Eligibility for Refugee Status
Eligibility for refugee status is decided on a case-by-case basis. A USCIS officer conducts a personal
interview of the applicant designed to elicit information about the applicant's admissibility and claim for
refugee status. During the interview, the officer confirms the basic biographical data of the applicant;
verifies that the applicant was properly given access to the USRAP; determines whether the applicant has
suffered past persecution or has a well-founded fear of future persecution on the basis of race, religion,
nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion in his or her home country;
determines whether the applicant is admissible to the United States and whether he or she has been firmly
resettled in another country; and assesses the credibility of the applicant.
We are committed to conducting the most rigorous screening in order to ensure that those being admitted
through the refugee program are not seeking to harm the United States. In May 2007, DHS announced
and implemented an Administration-coordinated, enhanced background and security check process for
Iraqi refugees applying for resettlement in the United States. The security check regime, including both
biographic and biometric checks, has been enhanced periodically over the last several years as new
opportunities and interagency partnerships with the law enforcement and intelligence communities have
been identified. These enhancements are a reflection of the commitment of DHS and other agencies to
conduct the most thorough checks possible to prevent dangerous individuals from gaining access to the
United States through the refugee program. The latest enhancement to the refugee security check regime
involves a new “pre-departure” check shortly before refugees are scheduled to travel to the U.S. It is
intended to identify whether any new derogatory information exists since the initial checks were
conducted. These pre-departure checks went into effect in late 2010. No case is finally approved until
results from all security checks have been received and analyzed.
Procedures for Iraqi Citizens Currently in the United States
Iraqis currently in the United States, who are not able to return to Iraq because they have been persecuted
or fear that they will be persecuted on account of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a
particular social group, or political opinion, may apply for asylum with USCIS. Information on the
process of applying for asylum in the U.S. can be found on our Web site: www.USCIS.gov/asylum.
Procedures for Iraqi Citizens Living Outside of Iraq
Refugees and asylum seekers should seek to comply with all legal requirements of the country in which
they are located, including registration with host governments if required. In addition, all Iraqi asylum
seekers located in third countries should register with the nearest UNHCR office.
UNHCR has the international mandate to provide protection and assistance to refugees and may be able to
provide a protection document and possibly other assistance if needed. For a small number of extremely
vulnerable individuals, this could include referral to the USRAP or another country's resettlement
program. UNHCR will identify individuals for resettlement referral based on an assessment of their
vulnerability at the time of registration. In Jordan and Egypt, direct access to the USRAP is available to direct-hire employees of the U.S. Mission
in Iraq and other Iraqis who worked for the U.S. government or U.S. government contractors, or for U.S.-
based media organizations or NGOs and their family members. Any Iraqi, who has fled to Jordan or
Egypt because of his/her association with the U.S., is encouraged to contact the International
Organization for Migration (IOM) to receive guidance. IOM can be reached at IC@iom.int. Additional
information is on the DOS/PRM web: http://www.state.gov/g/prm/rls/fs2011/163505.htm.
Procedures for Iraqi Citizens Currently in Iraq
In Iraq, direct access to the USRAP is available to direct-hire employees of the U.S. Mission in Iraq and
other Iraqis who worked for the U.S. government or U.S. government contractors, or for U.S.-based
media organizations or NGOs, and their family members. Any Iraqi, who believes he/she is at risk or has
experienced serious harm as a result of association with the U.S., is encouraged to contact the
International Organization for Migration (IOM) to receive guidance. IOM can be reached in Iraq at
IC@iom.int. Additional information is on the DOS/PRM web:
Special Immigrant Visas for Iraqis
Iraqi nationals who supported the U.S. armed forces or Chief of Mission authority as translators or
interpreters, or Iraqi nationals who were or are employed by or on behalf of the U.S. government in Iraq
on or after March 20, 2003, for a period of at least one year may be eligible for Special Immigrant Visa
(SIV) processing. The SIV program is separate and distinct from the USRAP. However, certain Iraqi SIV
recipients are eligible for the same resettlement assistance, entitlement programs, and other benefits as
refugees admitted under the refugee program.