• The D-1 Visa is available for alien crewman serving in good faith as such in a capacity required for normal operation and service on board a vessel, other than a fishing vessel having its home port or an operating base in the United States, or aircraft, who intends to land temporarily and solely in pursuit of his calling as a crewman and to depart from the United States with the vessel or aircraft on which he arrived or some other vessel or aircraft.
• The D-1 visa is also available for alien crewman serving in good faith as such in any capacity required for normal operations and service aboard a fishing vessel having its home port or an operating base in the United States who intends to land temporarily in Guam and solely in pursuit of his calling as a crewman and to depart from Guam with the vessel on which he arrived.
• Crewmember D-1 visas are available in two forms: individual D-1 visas and crew-list visas. Individual D-1 visas are machine-readable and include a digitized photograph that is affixed to the crewmember's passport or seaman's book; they allow multiple entries for up to ten years. Seafarers usually apply for an individual D-1 visa and bear the costs of the visa fee, currently set at $ 100.
• Crew-list D-1 visas are crew manifests for an entire ship's crew stamped by a consular officer prior to the ship's entry into the United States. Crew-list visas are single-entry visas valid for up to six months. The vessel's agent normally applies for crew-list D-1 visas and pays the visa fee, which is currently $ 100 for each person listed on the crew manifest.
• In circumstances where it is not feasible for a ship to obtain a crew-list visa and crewmembers do not have individual D-1 visas, the INS may waive the visa requirement for all or part of the crew. Neither the statutory nor regulatory authority provide any criteria for granting visa waivers, but past waivers include instances where a ship could not obtain a visa because there was no American consulate in the ship's last foreign port and where a ship received orders while at sea to sail to a U.S. port.
• An example on how the D-1 visa works: A Japanese captain and crew that travel on merchant ships leave Yokohama Port, Japan destined for the port of New York City, New York. The purpose of the crew is to drop off the computers exported from Japan to its destination, the United States. Once the Japanese computers are dropped off at New York City warehouse and picked up by an American importer, the Japanese crew departs on the merchant ship and sail back to Japan.